AS ABELHAS SEM FERRÃO – REVISÃO BIBLIOGRÁFICA

AS ABELHAS SEM FERRÃO – REVISÃO BIBLIOGRÁFICA

THE STINGLESS BEES – LITERATURE REVIEW

ABEJAS SIN AGUIJÓN – REVISIÓN DE LA LITERATURA

LES ABEILLES SANS DARD – REVUE DE LA LITTERATURE

DIE STACHELLOSEN BIENEN – LITERATURE REVIEW

 

LIVROS E BIBLIOGRAFIAS SOBRE MELIPONICULTURA

ADAMS, J.; ROTHMAN, E.D.; KERR, W.E. and PAULINO, Z.L. (1977). Estimation of the number of sex alleles and queen mating from diploid male frequencies in a population of Apis mellifera L. Genetics, 86:583-596.

AIDAR, Davi Said (1996). Proteic Feeding to Melipona quadrifasciata Lep. on Without Flowers Seasons (HYMENOPTERA, APIDAE, MELIPONINAE) . In: Ann. XV Panamerican Congress of Veterinary Sciences 1:85. 15:607, Campo Grande, MS.

AIDAR, Davi Said (1998a). Transference of colonies of stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae) from tree troncs to artificial hives (prelo).

AIDAR, Davi Said. The number of X O sexual alleles in urban population of T. angustula angustula Lep. (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . Memórias do II Seminário Mexicano sobre Abejas sin Aguijón. Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Mérida, Yucatán, México, p. 100-101. 2001. Artigo Resumo De Cong. Intern. Biologia/ Determinação Do Sexo E Castas. Apidae/ Meliponinae/ Tetragonisca. pasta, 68.

Aidar, Davi Said. (1996). Proteic Feeding to Melipona quadrifasciata Lep. on Without Flowers Seasons (HYMENOPTERA, APIDAE, MELIPONINAE) . Ann. Congr. Pan. Ciên. Vet. 15:607, Campo Grande, MS.

ALONSO WJ, LUCENA T, FRACASSO CM, VELTHUIS HHW, IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA VL. Do Melipona bicolor workers distinguish relatedness among different physogastric queens? Apidologie, 1998, v 29:p 503-12.

ALVES DOS SANTOS, I.; IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V. L. 2000 – The stingless bees as an option for crop pollination on the Tropical lands. In: VIII IBRA CONFERENCE ON TROPICAL BEES: MANAGEMENT AND DIVERSITY, Chiang Mai. Proceedings. p.130. Resumo.

ALVES-DOS-SANTOS, I. 2000. Notes on bees of the tribe Emphorini. In: IV ENCONTRO SOBRE ABELHAS, Ribeirão Preto. Anais. p.211-215. Resumo.

Anderson, D.L. (1990). Pests and Pathogens of the Honey Bee (Apis mellifera L.) in Fiji J. Apic. Res. 29(1):53-59.

Andrade, C. M. & Kerr, Warwick Estevam (1990). Experimental exchange of queens between colonies of melipona compressipes. VER. BRAS. Biol. V.50 p.975-981.

Arias, M.C. 2000. Contributions of mitochondrial DNA analysis to Meliponini biology evolution. Anais… XXI International Congress of Entomology, Foz do Iguaçu, PR. 550.

Arias, M.C. 2000. Contributions of mitochondrial DNA analysis to Meliponini biology evolution. Anais… XXI International congress of entomology, Foz do Iguaçu, PR. 550.

Arnold, Gerard; Quenet, Brigitte; Cornuet, Jean-Marie; Masson, Claudine; Schepper, Benoit de; Estoup, Armaud & Gasqui, Patrick (1996). Kin recognition in honeybees. Nature v. 379 p.498.

Avise, J.C., ARNOLD, J., BALL, R.M., BERMINGHAM, E., LAMB, T., NIEGEL, J.E., REEB, C.A., SAUNDERS, N.C. 1987. Intraspecific phylogeography: The mitochondrial DNA bridge between population genetics and systematics. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst., 18: 489-522.

Bailey, L. 1981. Honey bee pathology Academic Press London. 124 pp. Crane, E. 1990. Bees and Beekeeping. Science, Practice and World Resources, 1st ed. Heinemann Newnes 614 pp

Baker, E. W., 1965. A review of the genera of the family Tydeidae. (Acarina). Advances in Acarology, II, 96 – 133. Cornell University Press.

BASSINDALE, R. 1955. The biology of the stingless bees Trigona (Hypotrigona) gribodoi Magretti (Meliponidae) . Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 125: 49-62.

Batra, SWT. Solitary bees. Scientific American 250(2): 120-127. 1984.

BAZLEN, K. (1997). Erst Analysen zu Inhaltsstoffen von Honigen Brasilianischer Stachelloser Bienen. Abstr. Soziale Insekten, IUSSI-Tagung Graz, p.17, Eigenverlag, Graz Wüzburg.

Befo L. R. On some aspects of bionomics in Melipona bicolor bicolor Lepeletier. Revta Bras. Entomol., São Paulo, 1983, 27: 211-225.

Bego L. R, Giannini KM, 1998. On the ovipostion behavior of Melipona compressipes fasciculata (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . Iheringia – Série Zoologia. Porto Alegre – RS: 84, 83 – 94.

Bego, L. R, Grosso AF, Zucchi R, Sakagami SF, 1999. Oviposition behavior of the stingless bees XXIV. Ethological relationships of Tetragonisca angustula angustula to the other Meliponinae taxa (Apidae, Meliponinae) . Entomological Science. Japão 2(4), 473-482.

BEGO, L. R.; DARAKJIAN, P. & IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. 2000 – Relative abundance of available resources by apid bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). In: XXI INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Foz do Iguassu. Anais. p.873. Resumo.

BEGO, L.R. 198 On some aspects of bionomics in Melipona bicolor bicolor Lepeletier (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . Revista Bras. Ent., 27(3/4): 211-224.

BEGO, L.R. 1990. Social regulation in Nannotrigona (Scaptotrigona) postica Latr., with special reference to productivity of colonies (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . Revista Bras. Ent., 39: 721-738.

BEGO, L.R.; MAETA, Y.; TESUKA, T.; ISHIDA, K. (1989). Floral preference and flower constancy of a brazilian stingless bee, Nannotrigona testaceicornis kept in a greenhouse (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Bull. Fac. Agric., Shim. Univ., 23:46-54.

Beig, Darwin & Sakagami, Shoichi F. (1964) Behavior studies of stingless bees, with special reference to the ovoposition process II. Melipona seminigra merilae Cockerell. Annat. Zool. Jap. V.37 n.2 p. 112-119.

Benthem, F. D. J.; Imperatriz-Fonseca, V. L. & Velthuis, H. H. W. (1995) Biology of the stingless Plebéia remota (Holmberg): observations and evolutionary implications. Insectes Sociaux v.42 p.71-87.

Biesmeijer, Uyttenboogaart- Eliasen. Abejas sin aguijón: su biologia y la organización de la colmena.1997, WOTRO y Univ. Utrecht. 77p ( kbiesmeij@una. ac.br ).

Bogdanov S, Vit P & Kilchenmann V. 1996. Sugar profiles and conductivity of stingless bee honeys from Venezuela. Apidologie 27 (6): 445-450.

Brassindale, R. (1955). The biology of the stingless bee trigona (hypotrigona) gribodoi Magretti. Proc. Soc. V.125 n.1 p.49-62.

Brito-Ribon, R.M., Miyazawa, C.S., Pompolo,S.G. 1999. First Karyotype Characterization of four Species of Partamona (Friese, 1980) (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) in Mato Grosso State – Brazil. Cytobios, 100: 19-26.

Brown, J.C. (1999) Beekeeping in the Amazon:rural development, conservation, and participation in Rondonia, Brazil. Dissertation, University of California – Los Angeles, Los Angeles.

Brown, J.C. (2001). Responding to deforestation: productive conservation, the World Bank, and beekeeping in Rondonia, Brazil. The Professional Geographer, 53, 106-118.

BUENO, M.I.S.; MARCUSSI, M.C.; AIDAR, DAVI SAID and OLIVEIRA, A.C.C. (1999). Analysis and probaly origin of metals in própolis from native bees. XXXVI-Congr. Intern. Apicultura, pg 295, Vancouver, Canadá.

Calkins C.F., Beekeeping in Yucatan: a study in historical-cultural zoogeography, Ph.D. diss., Univ. Nebraska, NE, USA, 1974.

CAMARGO, C.A. (1982). Control of production of Melipona quadrifasciata diploid males by workers bees (Hym., Apidae). In: The biology of Social Insects. (Breed, M.D., Michener, C.D. and Evans, H.E., eds.). Proceedings of the 9th Congress of IUSSI. Boulder, CO, USA. Westview Press, pp. 248-249.

Camargo, J. M. F., Pedro, S. R. M. (1992) Systematics and biogeography of the Meliponinae (Hymenoptera, Apidae). A mini-review. Apidologie 23: 509-522.

Camargo, J.M.F. (1990) Stingless bees of the Amazon. Proceedings of the 11th International Congress of the IUSSI (eds G. K. Veeresh, B. Mallik and C. A. Viraktamath) , pp. 736±738. IUSSI, Bangalore, India.

Carvalho A.M.C, Bego LR, 1996. Studies on Apoidea fauna of cerrado vegetation at the Panga Ecological Reserve, Uberlândia, MG, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia. São Paulo – SP: 40(.2), 147-156.

Carvalho A.M.C, Bego LR, 1997. Exploitation of available resources by bee fauna (Apoidea, Hymenoptera) in the Reserva Ecológica do Panga, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia. São Paulo – SP: 41(1), 101 – 107.

CARVALHO, C.A.L. Abundance of nest of Meliponinae (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in urban biotype in Municipal District of Piracicaba, SP (22o43’S; 4º25’W; Alt.: 580m). 35th International Congress of Apicultural, Apimondia, Antwerp, pp. 77. 1997. ARTIGO RESUMO DE CONG. INTERN. BIONOMIA. APIDAE/ MELIPONINAE/ TETRAGONISCA. Pasta, 193.

CARVALHO, G.A.; KERR, W.E.; NASCIMENTO, V.A. (1995). Sex determination in bees. XXXIII. Decrease of xo heteroalleles in a finite population of Melipona scutellaris (Apidae, Meliponini). R. Bras. Genet. 18, 1, 13-16.

CASTANHEIRA, E.B. & CONTEL, E.P.B. (1995). Isoenzymes related to flight activity in Tetragonisca angustula (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) : Evidence of postranslational modification of the hexokinase and detection of new glycerol-3-phosphat e dehydrogenase variants. Biochem. Genet. 33:365-375. ARTIGO REVISTA INTERNACIONAL GENETICA BIOQUIMICA E MOLECULAR/ PROTEINAS. APIDAE/ MELIPONINAE/ TETRAGONISCA.

CEPEDA-APONTE, O.I.; IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L.; VELTHUIS, H.H.W. 2000 – Microclimate relation with egg-laying in Melipona bicolor. A new observation hive. In: IV ENCONTRO SOBRE ABELHAS, Ribeirão Preto. Anais. p.277. Resumo.

CEPEDA-APONTE, O.I.; IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L.; VELTHUIS, H.H.W. 2000 – Minor wax moth Achroia grisella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) : First report for a Meliponinae colony. In: IV ENCONTRO SOBRE ABELHAS, Ribeirão Preto. Anais. p.331. Resumo.

CONTEL, E.P.B. & KERR, W.E. (1976). Origin of males in Melipona subnitida estimated from data of an isozymic polymorphic system. Genetica 46:271-277.

CONTEL, E.P.B. & MESTRINER, M.A. (1974). Esterase polymorphisms at two loci in the social bee. J. Hered. 65:349-352.
Corredor, UM. (1997) Sustentando amazonia: ação de grassroots para conservação produtiva. Manchester Universidade Imprensa, Manchester, REINO UNIDO.

Cortopassi-Laurino M & Gelli DS. 1991. Pollen analyses, physicochemical properties and antibacterial action of Brazilian honeys from Africanized honeybees (Apis mellifera L) and stingless bees. Apidologie 22 (1): 61-73.

CORTOPASSI-LAURINO M, KNOLL FRN, RIBEIRO MF. Food plant preferences of Friesella schrottkyi. (VI Pollination Symposium). Acta Horticultarae, 288: 382-385. 1991.

CORTOPASSI-LAURINO M,.RAMALHO M. Pollen harvest by africanized Apis mellifera and Trigona spinipes in São Paulo: botanical and ecological views. Apidologie, Paris, 1988. 19: 1-24.

CORTOPASSI-LAURINO, M. & GELLI, DAVI SAID (1991). Anályse pollinique, propiétés physicochimiques et action antibactérienne des miels dábelles africanisées Apis mellifera et de Méliponinés du Brésil. Apidol. 22:61.

CORTOPASSI-LAURINO, M. & IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. 2001. La cria de abejas sin aguijon mas comunes em el Nordeste Brasilero. In: Memorias II Seminario Mexicano Sobre Abejas Sin Aguijón – … una visión sobre su biología y cultivo. Mérida, Yucatan, México. p.40-43. Resumo.

CORTOPASSI-LAURINO, M. The stingless bee Tetragonisca angustula in blossoms. The XXXIInd International Congress of Apiculture of Apimondia. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Apimondia Publishing House. Bucharest, Romania. pp. 72. 1989. ARTIGO RESUMO DE CONG. INTERN. POLINIZAÇÃO APIDAE/ MELIPONINAE/ TETRAGONISCA

CORTOPASSI-LAURINO, M.; GELLI, D. S. Analyse pollinique, propriétés physico-chimiques et action antibactérienne des mieis d’abeilles africanisées Apis mellifera et de Méliponinés du Brésil. Apidologie, 22, p. 61-73. 1991.

CORTOPASSI-LAURINO, M.; IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L.; VELTHUIS, H.H.W. & NOGUEIRA-NETO, P. 2001 – Stingless bee rearing as an activity for sustainable development. In: Proceedings of the 37rd International Apicultural Congress. Durban, South Africa. Doc. 343. CD-ROM. Resumo.

COSTA, A.J.S & IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. 2000 – Nestmate recognitions in Scaptotrigona bipunctata (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . In: XXI INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Foz do Iguassu. Anais. p.839. Resumo.

COSTA, A.J.S.; IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. 2000 – Intra – and interspecific nestmate recognition in Scaptotrigona workers (Hymenoptera: Apidae:Meliponin ae). In: IV ENCONTRO SOBRE ABELHAS, Ribeirão Preto. Anais. p.283. Resumo.

Cottam, G., Curtis, J.T. & Hale, B.W. (1953). Some sampling characteristics of a population of randomly dispersed individuals. Ecology, 34, 741±757.

CRUZ-LANDIM C, HOFLING MA, IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA VL. Tergal and mandibular glands in queens of Paratrigona subnuda (Moure) Morphology and associated behaviour. Naturalia, Rio Claro, 5.121-133. 1980.

Cruz-Landim C; Reginato RD & Imperatriz-Fonseca VL 1998 – Variation on ovariole number in Meliponinae (Hymenoptera, Apidae) queen’s ovaries with comments on ovary development and caste differentiation. Papéis Av. de Zool. v.40, n. 18, p.289-96.

CUNHA, R.S.; SARAIVA, A.M.; CUGNASCA, C.E. & IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, VL.. 2001 – WebBee- a web-based information system for research on stingless bees. In: Anls of World Congress on Computers in Agriculture and Natural Resources p.279-284. Resumo.

CUNHA, R.S.; SARAIVA, A.M.; CUGNASCA, C.E.; HIRAKAWA, A.R.;.IMPERATRIZ- FONSECA, VL & HILARIO, S.D.. – 2001 – An internet-based monitoring system for behavior studies of stingless bees. Volume 1 of the Third European Conference of the European Federation for Information Technology in Agriculture, Food and the Environment. Ecole Nationale Superieure Agronomiques de Montpellier et Ecole Nationale des Ingenieus des Travaux Agricoles de Bordeaux, France. p. 279-284. Resumo.

Dain, J.L. (1991) Seringueiros and stingless bees: a study of change in the Brazilian Amazon. Department of Anthropology. University of Florida, Florida. Unpublished report. 11

Dale, V.H., Pearson, S.M., Offerman, H.L. & O’Neill, R.V. (1994) Relating patterns of land-use change to faunal biodiversity in the central Amazon. Conservation Biology, 8, 1027±1036.

Didham, R.K., Ghazoul, J., Stork, N.E. & Davis, A.J. (1996) Insects in fragmented forests: a functional approach. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 1, 255±260.

DINIZ-FILHO, J.A.F.; BALESTRA, R.; RODRIGUES, F.M. & DIVINO, E.A. Geographic variation of Tetragonisca angustula angustula Latreille (Hymenoptera, Meliponinae) in Central and Southeastern Brazil. Naturalia, 23(0):193-208. 1998. ARTIGO REVISTA NACIONAL BIOGEOGRÁFIA APIDAE/ MELIPONINAE/ TETRAGONISCA.

Dollin A. E. Dollin. Sakagami S.F. Australian Stingles Bees Of The Genus Trigona (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Invertebratetaxonom i 11 (1997) 861/896.

Dollin A. E. Heard T.A. Keeping Australian Stingless Bees In a Logor Box. Native Bees Of Austrália Series Booklet 5, Aiustralian Native Bee Research Centre, Sydney (1997).

Doure, J.C. (1997) Relatório final: fauna de componente equipe de abelhas de. Governo fazem de Estado de Rondônia ± PLANA – FLORO ± Zoneamento fazem Estado, Porto Velho, Rondônia, Brasil.

Dressler, R.L. Biology of the orchid bees (Euglossini) . Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 13:373-394, 1982.

Drumond P.M., Bego L.R., Zucchi R, Yamane S, Sakagami S.F., 1997. Oviposition process of the stingless bees. XIX Plebeia (Plebeia) poecilochroa with highly integrated oviposition process and small colony size. Japanese Journal Of Entomology. Japão: 61(1), 7- 22.

Drumond PM, Zucchi R, Mateus S, Bego LR, Yamane S, Sakagami SF, 1996. Oviposition behavior of the stingless bees, XVII Plebeia (Plebeia) droryana and the ethological comparison with other Meliponinae (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Japanese Journal Of Entomology. Japão: 64(2), 385 – 400.

DRUMOND, P.M.; ARIAS, M.C.; IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. 2000 – Reproductive biology of Melipona bicolor – A preliminary investigation based on microsatellites. In: IV ENCONTRO SOBRE ABELHAS, Ribeirão Preto. Anais. p.315. Resumo.
Ebdon, D. (1985) Statistics in geography. Basil Blackwell Inc., New York.

Echazarreta C.M., Quezada-Euán J.J.G., Medina M.L., Pasteur K.L., Beekeeping in the Yucatan Peninsula: development and current status, Bee World 78 (1977) 115-127.

Echezaretta C.M. Quezadaeuán T.G.Medina L.M. Pasteur KI, Beekeeping In The Yucatan Peninsula: Development And Current, Bee World 78 (1997). 115-117.

ENGELS, W.; HARTER B.; KÖHLER, A.; WILMS, W.; IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L.; BLOCHTEIN, B.; THIELE, R. & ZILLIKENS, A. 2000 – How far north and south does the apifauna of Amazonia reach, especially the bee species visiting mass-flowering. In: XXI INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Foz do Iguassu. Anais. p.101. Resumo.

FALCÃO, T.M.M.A & CONTEL, E.P.B. (1991a). Genetic variability in natural population of Brazilian social bees. II. Electrophoretic data for PGM and MDH give evidence for multiple fertilization in stingless bees. Rev. Bras. Genet. 14(1):47-59.

FALCÃO, T.M.M.A & CONTEL, E.P.B. (1991b). Genetic variability in natural population of Brazilian social bees. III. Electrophoretic data for ME, GPD, SOD and IDH. Rev. Bras. Genet. 14(1):61-72.

FALCÃO, T.M.M.A (1984). Polimorfismos protéicos em populações naturais de abelhas brasileiras. Tese Doutorado FMRP/USP, 231pp. (II)

FALK, S. (1991). A review of the scarce and threatened wasps and ants of Great Britain. Peterborough, UK; Nature Conservancy Coucil for England. Research and Survey in Nature Conservation No. 35, ii+344pp.(In: Apic. Abst. 1992 43:196-197).

FERREIRA DE MENEZES, M.B. & POMPOLO, S.G. Study of the constitutive heterochromatin in the karyotype of Tetragonisca angustula (Hymenoptera, Meliponinae) based on banding chromosomic.

Flores J.S., Importancia de la zona henequenera en la producción de miel, in: Peniche P., Santamaria F. (Eds.), Memorias de la conferencia nacional sobre el henequén y la zona henequenera, Arch. Gen. Gobierno de Yucatán, UADY-INIFAP, Mexico, 1993, pp. 113-116.

FOWLER, H.G. (1979). Responses by a stingless bee to a subtropical environment. Rev. Biol. Trop. 27:111.

France, R. & Rigg, C. (1998) Examination of the `founder effect’ in biodiversity research: patterns and imbalances in the published literature. Diversity and Distributions, 4, 77±86.

Francisco, F.O., Silvestre, D., Arias, M.C. 2001. Mitochondrial DNA characterization of five species of Plebeia (Apidae: Meliponinae) : RFLP, restriction maps and phylogenetic inferences. Apidologie, 32: 323-332.

Francisco, F.O., Silvestre, D., Weinlich, R., Arias. M.C. 2000. Detection of mitochondrial genome polymorphism between two populations of Plebeia remota (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . Anais do IV Encontro Sobre Abelhas. Ribeirão Preto, SP. 316.

Francke W; Lubke G; Schroder W; Reckziegel A; Imperatriz-Fonseca VL; Kleinert AMP; Engels E; Hartfelder K; Radtke R & Engels W. 2000 – Identification of oxygen containing volatiles in cephalic secretions of workers of Brazilian chemical society. Brazilian Chemical Society, v.11, n.6, p.562-571.

FRISCH, Karl von. – (1967). The Dance Language and Orientation of Bees. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 566 p.HUNTINGFORD, Felicity A. – (1984). The Study of Animal Behaviour. Great Britain, Padstow, Cornwall: T. J. Press (Padstow) Ltd, 412 p. Gibbs, Muirhead (1998).

FRISCH, Karl. (1984). La vida de las abejas. Ed. Labor, S.A., Barcelona, Espanha, 239p.

GARY, N.E. (1992). Activities and behavior of Honey Bees. In: The hive and the honey bee. Chapter 8. Edited by Dadant & Sons, Hamilton, Illinois, 269-372p.

Giannini KM, Bego LR, 1998. Labor division of Melipona compresipes fasciculata Smith 1854 with some comments on task specialization (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . Zetetike. Porto Alegre-RS 85, 109 – 114.

Giannini KM, Bego LR, 1998. On some queen-worker behavioral interactions and their relationships with the construction and provisioning tasks in Melipona compressipes fasciculata (Hymenoptera, Meliponinae) . Naturalia. Brasil: 23, 185 – 192.

Gilliam M, Roubik DW & Lorenz BJ. 1990. Microorganisms associated with pollen, honey and brood provisions in the nest of a stingless bee Melipona fasciata. Apidologie 21 (2): 89-97.

Goebel, R. L. (1986) Australian native bees. Queensland Agricultural Journal 112 (6): 285-286.

GONÇALVES, L. S. (1969) A Study of Orientation Information Given by One Trained Bee by Dancing. Journal of Apicultural Research, 8 (3): 113-132.

Grosso AF, Bego LR, Martinez AS, 2000. The production of males in queenright colonies of Tetragonisca angustula (Hymenoptera, Meliponinae) . Sociobiology. Estados Unidos 35(3), 475-498. ARTIGO REVISTA INTERNACIONAL BIOLOGIA/ DETERMINAÇÃO DO SEXO E CASTAS. APIDAE/ MELIPONINAE/ TETRAGONISCA.

Hall H.G., DNA studies reveal processes involved in the spread of new world African honeybees, Fla. Entomol. 75 (1992) 51-59.

Hall H.G., Muralidharan K., Evidence from mitochondrial DNA that African honey bees spread as continuous maternal lineages, Nature 339 (1989) 211-213.

Hall H.G., Smith D.R., Distinguishing African and European honeybee matrilines using amplified mitochondrial DNA, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88 (1991) 4548-4552.

Hall, A. (1997) Sustaining amazonia: grassroots action for productive conservation. Manchester University Press, Manchester, UK.

HAMILTON, W.D. (1994). Roles of kinship, recognition and disease in social evolution. In: Anais do 1o Encontro Sobre Abelhas, de Ribeirão Preto. Ribeirão Preto, SP, 1:3-16.

Harrison J.F., Hall H.G., African-European honeybee hybrids have low intermediate metabolic capacities, Nature 363 (1993) 258-259.

HARTL, D.L.; BROWN, S.W. (1970). The origin of male haploid genetic systems and their expected sex ratio. Theor. Pop. Biol. 1:165-190.

Hatty S., Oldroyd B.P., Evidence for temperature dependent selection for malate dehydrogenase allele frequencies in honey bee populations, J. Hered. (1999) in press.

Heard T. A. Propagation Of Hives Of The Stingless Bee Trigona Carbonaria. Journal Of The Australian Entomological Society 27(1998) 303 -304.

Heard T. A. The Role Of Stingless Bees In Crop Pollination, Annual Review Of Entomology 44(1999), 183-206.

HEBERT Jr., E.W. (1992). Honey bee nutrition. In: The hive and the honey bee. Chapter VI. Edited by Dadant & Sons, Hamilton, Illinois, 197-224p.

Hilário S.D.; Imperatriz-Fonseca VL & Kleinert AMP. 2001 – Responses to climatic factors by foragers of Plebeia pugnax Moure (in litt.) (Apidae, Meliponinae) . Rev. Bras. Biol. , v.61, n.2, p.191-6.

Hilário S.D.; Imperatriz-Fonseca VL; Kleinert AMP. 2000 – Flight Activity And Colony Strength In The Stingless Bee Melipona bicolor bicolor (Apidae, Meliponinae) . Revista Brasileira de Biologia, v.60, n.2, p.299-306.

HILÁRIO, S.D.; RIBEIRO, M. F. & IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V. L. (2001) – Climatic factors’ influence on flight activity of Plebeia remota Holmberg. In: Memorial de 30 anos de Pós-Graduação do IBUSP. São Paulo: Universidade de São Paulo, 2001. p.37. Resumo. In: IV ENCONTRO SOBRE ABELHAS, Ribeirão Preto. Anais. p.280. Resumo.

HILÁRIO, SD.; FIDALGO, A.O.; KLEINERT, A.M.P. & IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. 2000 – Circadian rhythms on nectar and pollen collectios by foragers of Melipona bibolor bicolor (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . In: XXI INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Foz do Iguassu. Anais. p.255. Resumo.

Hoshiba, H. 1988. Karyological analysis of stingless bee, Melipona favosa (Apidae, Hymenoptera) . Cytologia, 53: 153-156.

Hung A.C.F., Rubink W.L., Crewe R.M., Association of enzyme/protein loci in individual honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) (Hymenoptera: Apidae), BeeScience 1 (1991) 225-229.

Hunter, P. E., 1963. Two new genera of mites associated with stingless bees (Acarine, laclapidae). Acarologia, 5 (1): 51-12.

HUNTINGFORD, Felicity A. – (1984). The Study of Animal Behaviour. Great Britain, Padstow, Cornwall: T. J. Press (Padstow) Ltd, 412 p.

Imai, H.T., Taylor, R.W.,Crozier, R.H. 1988. Modes of spontaneous chromosomal mutation and karyotype evolution in ants with reference to the minimun interaction hypothesis. Jap. J. Genet., 63: 159-185.

IMAI, H.T.; CROZIER, R.H. & TAYLOR, R.W. (1977). Karyotype evolution in Australian ants. Chromossoma (Berl.) 59:341-393.

IMAI, H.T.; TAYLOR, R.W.; CROSLAND, M.W.T. & CROZIER, R.H. (!988). Modes of spontaneous chromosomal mutation and karyotype evolution in ants with reference to the minimum interaction hypothesis. Jpn. J. Genet. 63:159-185.

Imperatriz-Fonseca V.L. (1989). The Development of Meliponiculture in Brazil. The XXXII International Congress of Apiculture. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Oct 22-28. pp 66-67.

IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA V.L., CRUZ-LANDIM C, MORAES RLMS, ZUCCHI R. Dwarf queens in Nannotrigona testaceicornis. In: INT. CONG. IUSSI, 12, Paris, 1994. Abstracts p. 442. Behaviour, exocrine gland morphology and reproductive status. Apidologie 28: 113-22. 1997.

IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA V.L., KLEINERT AMP. Worker reproduction in a stingless bees, Plebeia (Friesella) schrottkyi (Apidae, Meliponinae) . In: ENCONTRO SOBRE ABELHAS, 2, Ribeirão Preto. Anais, p. 159. 1996.

IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA V.L., KLEINERT-GIOVANNINI A, PIRES JT. Climate variations influence on the flight activity of Plebeia remota Holmberg. Revta Bras. Entomol., São Paulo, 1985. 29: 314, 427-434.

IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. & CORTOPASSI-LAURINO, M. 2001 – Stingless bees rearing in Brazil. In: Proceedings of the 37rd International Apicultural Congress. Durban, South Africa. Doc. 341. CD-ROM. Resumo.

IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. & KLEINERT, A.M.P. – Activity of Plebeia remota (Holmberg) in winter. In: INT. BEHAV. ECOL. CONG., 3, Princeton. Abstracts. 1992

Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L.& Kleinert, A.M.P. 1998- Worker reproduction in a stingless bee Friesella schrottkyi (Apidae, Meliponinae) . Entom. Gener., v.23, n.3, p.169-75.

IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L., MATOS, E.T., NOGUEIRA-FERREIRA, F. & VELTHUIS, H.H.W. A case of multiple mating in stingless bees (Meliponinae) . Insectes Sociaux, 45:231-233. 1998. ARTIGO REVISTA INTERNACIONAL COMPORTAMENTO/ COPULA,FECUNDAÇÃ O/ APIDAE/ MELIPONINAE/ TETRAGONISCA. Pasta, 35

IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L.; CORTOPASSI-LAURINO, M.; ALVES DOS SANTOS, I. 2000 – Defense and conservation of the native bees: a program for the stingless bees in Brazil. In: VII IBRA CONFERENCE ON TROPICAL BEES: MANAGEMENT AND DIVERSITY, Chiang Mai. Proceedings. p.79. Resumo.

Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L.; Matos, E.T.; Nogueira, F.H.F. & Velthuis, H.H.W. 1998 – A case of multiple mating in stingless bees. Ins. Sociaux v.45, p.231-233.

IWAMA S, MELHEM TS. The pollen spectrum of the honey of Tetragonisca angustula angustula Latreille. Apidologie, Paris, 1979 – 10: 275-95.

IWAMA, S. & MELHEM, T.S. The pollen spectrum of the honey of Tetragonisca angustula angustula Latreille (Apidae, Meliponinae) .

Apidologie, 10(3):275-295. 1979. ARTIGO REVISTA INTERNACIONAL. PALINOLOGIA E MELISSOPALINOLOGIA APIDAE/ MELIPONINAE/ TETRAGONISCA

Jayasingh, D. B. The comparative population dynamics of eight solitary bees and wasps (Aculeata; Apocrita; Hymenoptera) Trap-Nested in Jamaica. Biotropica 12(3): 214-219. 1980.

Jongman, R.H.G., Ter Braak, C.J.F. & Van Tongeren, O.F.R. (1995) Data analysis in community and landscape ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

José de Jaime Gómez y José Mª de Jaime Loren. Historia de la Apicultura Española 1 ( desde los origenes hasta 1492.) de.Calamocha, 2001.(**Para mais informações contactar os Editores para:C/.Méndez Núñez, 15. 46024- Valencia ESPAÑA. Telefone: 963 311 147. – j.jaime.000@ recol.es )

JUDICE, C.C.; AIDAR, DAVI SAID; DANI, M.A.C.; KERR, W.E. & DANI, S.U. (2000). Differentially expressed sequence tag sequencing (DESTS) of the worker and queen castes of Melipona sp: report a pilot study. In: Ann. Braz. J. Genetics (in press).

Kerr, W. E. 1950. Genetic determination od castes in rhe geuns Melipona. Genetics, Austin, 35: 143-152.

KERR, W. E., (1994). Communication Among Melipona Workers (Hymenoptera: Apidae), Journal of Insect Behavior, 1994.

Kerr, W., Carvalho, G.A. & Nascimento, V.A. (1999) The probable consequences of the destruction of Brazilian stingless bees. Va rzea: diversity, development, and conservation of amazonia’s whitewater ¯oodplains (eds C. Padoch, J.M. Ayres and A. Henderson), pp. 395±403. The New York Botanical Garden Press, New York.

KERR, W.E. & MAULE. (1964). Geographic distribuition of stingless bees and its implications (Hymenoptera, Apidae). J. New York Ent. Soc., 57:2-17.

KERR, W.E. (1959). Bionomy of meliponids-VI- Aspects of food gathering and processing in some stingless bees. Symposium on food Gathering Behavior of Hymenoptera. Cornell Univ. Ithaca 24:31.

Kerr, W.E. (1967) The history of the introduction of African bees to Brazil. South African Bee Journal, 39, 3±5.

Kerr, W.E. (1972). Numbers of chromosomes in some species of bees. J. Kans. Entomol. Soc.,45: 111-122.

Kerr, W.E. (1974) Sex determination in bees. III Caste determination and genetic control in Melipona. Insectes Sociaux, 21, 357±368.

KERR, W.E. (1987b). Sex determination in bees. XXI. Number of xo-heteroelleles in a natural population of Melipona compressipes fasciculata (Apidae). Insectes Sociaux 34:274-279.

Kerr, W.E., Nascimento V.A., Carvalho G.A. (1999). Preservation of Native Brazilian Bees: A Question of Historical and Ecological Conscience. Cien?Cult 5 (5/6) Sep/Dec 390-393.

Kerr, W.E., Silveira, Z. V. 1967. Karyotypic evolution and corresponding taxonomic implications. Evolution, 26: 197-202

Kerr, W.E., The history of the introduction of Africanized bees in Brazil, S. Afr. Bee J. 39 (1967) 3-5.

KERR, W.E., ZUCCHI, R., NAKADAIRA, J.T. & BUTOLO, J.F. (1962). Reprodution in the social bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae). J. of the New York Entom. Soc. 70: 265-276.

KERR, W.E.; MONTEIRO, S.G.; KERR, H.A.S. (1988). Sex determination in bees. XXV. Adaptative value of the xo gene in its origin. Brazilian Journ. Gen. 11(2):469-473.

KERR, WARWICK E.; BLUM, MURRAY ; FALES, H.M. 1981. Communication of food source between workers of Trigona (Trigona) spinipes. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 41 (3): 619-623.

KERR, WARWICK ESTEVAM ; FERREIRA, AMILTON; MATTOS, NEIDE SIMÕES. Communication among stingless bees – Additional data (Hymenoptera: Apidae) – Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 1963. 71: 80-90.

KLEINERT AMP, IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA VL. Virgin queens refuges in colonies of Melipona marginata. Revta. Brasil. Biol., 1994, 54: 247-261.

KLEINERT-GIOVANINNI , A. Dominance in colonies of Melipona marginata. Ann. XXXII Int. Apic. Congr. Apimondia, Rio de Janeiro, 1992. p. 67-69.

KLEINERT-GIOVANNINI A, IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA VL. Aspects of the trophic niche of Melipona marginata marginata Lepeletier. Apidologie, Paris, 18: 69-100. 1987.

Kleinert-Giovannini , A ., Imperatriz-Fonseca, Vera Lúcia (1986) Flight ativity and responses to climattic conditions of two subspecies of Melipona marginata Lepeletier (Apidae, Meliponinae) . J. Apicult. Res. 25: 3-8.

KNOLL, F. R. N. & IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V. L. Abundance and resources visited by individuals of Tetragonisca angustula. In: Chemistry and Biology of Social Insects. EDER, J. & REMBOLD, H. eds. Verlag J. Peperny, München. pp. 704-705. 1987. ARTIGO RESUMO DE CONG. INTERN. COMPORTAMENTO/ COLETA/ APIDAE/ MELIPONINAE/ TETRAGONISCA

Koedam D; Contrera FAL & Imperatriz-Fonseca VL. 1999- Clustered male production by workers in the stingless bee Melipona subnitida. Ins. Soc. 46: 387-391.

Koedam D; Velthuis HHW; Dohmen MR & Imperatriz-Fonseca VL. 2001 – The behaviour of laying workers and the morphology and viability of their eggs in Melipona bicolor bicolor. Physiol. Ent., v.26, n.3, p.254-9

Koedam, D., Velthuis, P. H., Krift, T.vd., Dohmen, M. R. (1996) Morphology of reproductive and trophic eggs and their controlled release by workers in Trigona (tetragonisca) angustula llliger (Apidae, Mleponinae). Physiol. Entomol. 21: 289-296.

KOEDAM, D.; CONTRERA, F.A.L.; FIDALGO, A.O.; IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L 2000 – Effective queen response through typical sharing in male-production with workers in a stingless bee. In: VIII INTERNATIONAL BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY CONGRESS, Zurich. Anais. p.96. Resumo.

KOEDAM, D.; CONTRERA, F.A.L.; FIDALGO, A.O.; IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. 2000 – How queen and workers share male production in Melipona subnitida. In: IV ENCONTRO SOBRE ABELHAS, Ribeirão Preto. Anais. p.284. Resumo.

Kohlhepp, G. & Coy, M. (1986) Conflicts of interests and regional development planning in colonizing the Brazilian Amazon: the case of Rondonia. Competition for rural and urban space in Latin America: its consequences for low income groups 45th International Congress of Americanists, Bogotá (ed. J.M.G. Kleinpenning) , pp. 61-75. Geografisch en planologisch instituut katholieke universiteit nijmegen, Amsterdam.

Krebs, C.J. (1999) Ecological methodology. Addison-Wesley Longman, Menlo Park, CA, USA.

Lacerda, L. M., Zucchi, R. (1999) Behavioral alterations and related aspects in queenless colonies of Geotrigona mombuca (Hymenoptera; apidae, Meliponinae) . Sociobiology 33: 277-288.

Lacerda, L. M., Zucchi, R., Sakagami, S. F. (1998) Oviposition behavior of the stingless bees, XXV. Ethological relationships og Geotrigona mombuca to other stingless bees taxa ( Insecta: Hymenoptera; apidae, Meliponinae) . Nat. Hist. Bull. Ibaraki Univ. 2: 263-276.
LAIDLAW, H.H., GOMES, F.P. & KERR, W.E. (1956). Estimation of the number of lethal alleles in a panmitic population of Apis mellifera L. Genetics 44:179-188.

LATIMER, J.M. & MATSEN, J.M. (1977). Microwave oven as a method for bacterial decontamination in a clinical microbiology laboratory. J.Cl. Microbiol. 6:340-342.

Laurance, W.F. & Bierregaard, R.O. (eds) (1997) Tropical forest remnants. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Lawton, J.H., Bignell, D.E., Bolton, B., Bloemers, G.F., Eggleton, P., Hammond, P.M., Hodda, M., Holt, R.D., Larsen, T.B., Mawdsley, N.A., Stork, N.E., Srivastava, DAVI SAID & Watt, A.D. (1998) Biodiversity inventories, indicator taxa and effect of habitat modi®cation in tropical forest. Nature, 391, 72±76.

LINDAUER, M. & KERR, W.E. – (1960) – Communication among stingless bees. Bee World, 41(2):29-41 e 41(3):65-71.

LINDAUER, M. (1971). Comunication Among the Social Bees. Cambridge, Massachusetts. Harvard Univ. Press.

Linsley, E.G. The ecology of solitary bees. Hilgardia 27(19): 543-599. 1958

Lobo J.A., Del Lama M.A., Mestriner M.A., Population differentiation and racial admixture in the Africanized honeybee (Apis mellifera L.), Evolution 43 (1989) 794-802.

Lobo J.A., Krieger H., Maximum likelihood estimates of gene frequencies and racial admixture in Apis mellifera L. (Africanized honey bees), Heredity 68 (1992) 441-448.

Lobo J.A., Morphometric, isozymic and mitochondrial variability of Africanized honeybees in Costa Rica, Heredity 75 (1995) 133-141.

MACKENSEN, O. (1951) Viability and sex determination in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). Genetics 36:500-509.

MACKENSEN, O. (1955). Further studies on a lethal series in the honeybee. J. Hered. 46:72-74.

MACKENSEN, O. 1951. Viability and sex determination in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). Genetics 36:500-509.

Maeta, Y., Tezuca, T. Nadano, H., Suzuki, K (1992) Utilization of the Brazilian stinless bee, Nannotrigona testaceicornis, as a pollinator of strwberries. Honeybee Sci. 13: 71-78.

MALAGODI-BRAGA K. S. , KLEINERT AMP, IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA VL. Use of floral resources by Nannotrigona testaceicornis. In: INT. CONG. IUSSI, 12, Paris, 1994. Abstracts p. 464.

MALAGODI-BRAGA, K. S.; KLEINERT, A.M.P. & IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. Stingless bees as potential pollinators of strawberry in Brazil. Proceedings of XIV International Congress of IUSSI, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan, p.143. 2002. ARTIGO RESUMO DE CONG. INTERN.POLINIZAÇÃ O. APIDAE/ MELIPONINAE/ TETRAGONISCA. pasta, 99.

MALAGODI-BRAGA, K.S.; KLEINERT, A.M.P.; IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. 2000 – Stingless bees: Greenhouse pollination and meliponiculture. In: IV ENCONTRO SOBRE ABELHAS, Ribeirão Preto. Anais. p.145-150. Resumo.

MARTINS, C.F.; CORTOPASSI-LAURINO, M. KOEDAM, D. & IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L.. 2001 – The use of trees for nesting by stingless bees in Brazilian Caatinga. In: Proceedings of the 37rd International Apicultural Congress. Durban, South Africa. Doc. 342. CD-ROM. Resumo.

MAUÉS, M. M.; VENTURIERI, G. C. Pollination biology of anatto and its pollinators in Amazon area. Honeybee Science. v. 16, n.1, p.27-30. 1995.

MAUÉS, M. M.; VENTURIERI, G. C. Pollination ecology of Platonia insignis Mart. (CLUSIACEAE) , a fruit tree from eastern amazon region. Proc. International Symp. on Pollination. Acta Horticulturae. v.437. ISHS. Acta Horticulturae. 1997.

Michener C.D. Classification Of The Apidae (Hymenoptera) , The University Of Kansas Science Bulletin 54(1990), 75-164.

Michener, C. D. 2000. The bees of the world. London, Johns Hopkins Univ Pr; ISBN. 872p.

MICHENER, C.D. (1961). Observation on the nests and behavior of Trigona in Australia and New Guinea (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) Am. Mus. Nov., 2026:1-46, 73.

MICHENER, C.D. (1974). The social behavior of the bees. Comparative study. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 404pp.

Michener, C.D. (1979) Biogeography of the bees. Annals of the Missouri Botancial Gardens 12 , 66, 277:347 e 66:301-322. 1979.

Michener, C.D. The social behavior of the bees – a comparative study. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard Univ. Press. 404p.1974.

MICHENER, Charles Duncan – (1974). Communication Concerning Food Sources. in: The social behaviour of the bees: a comparative study. Cambrige, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, p. 152 – 180.

Millikan, B.H. (1992) Tropical deforestation, land degradation, and society ± lessons from Rondonia, Brazil. Latin American Perspectives, 19, 45-72.

Moritz R.F.A., Cornuet J.M., Kryger P., Garnery L., Hepburn H.R., Mitochondrial DNA variability in South African honeybees (Apis mellifera L.), Apidologie 25 (1994) 169-178.

Moritz R.F.A., Meusel M.J., Mitochondrial gene frequencies in Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera L.): theoretical model and empirical evidence, J. Evol. Biol. 5 (1992) 71-81.

Morse, R.A. Honey Bee Pests, Predators, and Diseases. 1st ed. Cornell Univ. Press. 1978, 430 pp.

Nieh, J. C. (1998a) The role of pheromones in the communication of food location by the stingless bee, Melipona panamica. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 43:47-58.

Nieh, J. C. (1998b) The food recruitment of the stingless bee, Melipona panamica. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 43: 133-145.

Nieh, J. C., Roubik, D. W. (1995) A stingless bee (melipona panamica) indicates food location without using a scent trail. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 37: 63-70.

Nieh, J. C., Roubik, D. W. (1998) Potential mechanisms for the communication of height and distance by a stingless bee, Melipona panamica. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 43: 387-399.

NOGUEIRA-FERREIRA FH, ZUCCHI R & IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA VL. Multivariate analysis applied to caste differences in Schwarziana quadripunctata. In: INT. CONGR. ENTOMOL., 20, Florença. Abstracts, 1996, p.409.

Norgaard, R.B. (1994) Development betrayed: the end of progress and a coevolutionary revisioning of the future. Routledge, London and New York.

Nunamaker R.A., Wilson W.T., Haley B.E., Electrophoretic detection of Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera scutellata L.) in Guatemala and Mexico based on malate dehidrogenase allozyme patterns, J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 57 (1985) 622-631.

OIRSA – BID. Manejo y control de la abeja africanizada. Programa Regional para el Manejo y Control de la Abeja Africanizada. El Salvador. 1988, 229 pp.

OLIVEIRA, D.A.; GADAU, J.; AIDAR, DAVI SAID; JUDICE, C.C.; DANI, S.U.; PAGE, R.E. (2000). Construction of a linkage map of Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides Lep. (Hymenoptera Apidae, Meliponinae) . In: Ann. Braz. J. Genetics (in press).

Oliveira, P.E.; Gibbs, P. & Bianchi, M. 1991. Pollination and breeding system of Vellozia squamata (Liliales: Velloziaceae) : A species of the Brazilian Cerrados. Botanica Acta 104:392-398.

OLIVEIRA, R. C.; VASCONCELOS, S. M.; BRANDÃO, V. S.; GOULART FILHO, L. R. & KERR LIS-SSCP-PCR do 16S RNAr mitocondrial em Tetragonisca angustula (Latreille, 1811) (Apidae, Meliponinae) . Genetics and Molecular Biology, Supplement, 21 (3):367. 1998. ARTIGO RESUMO DE CONG. NACIONAL. GENETICA BIOQUIMICA E MOLECULAR/ RNA APIDAE/ MELIPONINAE/ TETRAGONISCA.

O’Toole, C. and A. Raw. 1991. Bees of the World. Blandford, London, 192 pp.

PAGE Jr., R.E. & METCALF, R.A. (1982). Multiple Mating, sperm utilization, and social evolution. Am. Nat. 119: 263-281.

PAGE Jr., R.E.; LAIDLAW, H.H. & ERICKSON, E.H. (1983). Closed population honey bee breeding. 3. The distribution of sex alleles with gyne supersedure. J.Apic. Res. 22:184-190.

Page R.E., Neotropical African bees, Nature 339 (1989) 181-182.

PATRÍCIO E.F.R.L.A., IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA VL – Aspects of the virgin queen in the stingless bee S. quadripunctata. Resumos. III Enc. Sobre Abelhas, Ribeirão Preto, 1998. p.249.

PATRÍCIO, E.F.L.R.A.; MORGAN, E.D.; IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. 2000 – Chemical aspects of the cell construction arrest behavior in Plebeia remota. In: IV ENCONTRO SOBRE ABELHAS, Ribeirão Preto. Anais. p.285. Resumo.

Nates-Parra G. 1996. Abejas sin aguijón (Hymenoptera: Meliponinae) de Colombia. Cap. 8 pp. 181-268. En: Amat G., Andrade G., y Fernández F. (eds). Insectos de Colombia: Estudios Escogidos. Universidad Javeriana y Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales. Santafé de Bogotá.

Nates-Parra G. 1998. Uso potencial de las abejas silvestres. II Congreso Colombiano de Botánica. Bogotá.

Nates-Parra G. 2001. Guía para la cría y manejo de la abeja Angelita o Virginita Tetragonisca angustula Illiger. Convenio Andrés Bello Serie Ciencia y Tecnología No. 84. 43 p.

Nates-Parra G., Fernandez F. 1992. Abejas de Colombia II: Claves preliminares para las familias, subfamilias y tribus (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Acta Biológica Colombiana 7 y 8: 55-90.

Nates-Parra G. y González V.H. 2000. Las abejas silvestres de Colombia: porqué y cómo conservarlas. Acta Biológica Colombiana 5(1): 5-37.

Patrício, E.F.R.L.A., Silva de Moraes, R. L. M. (1995) Do the workers of the stingless bees Friseomelitta varia and F. silvestrii use their legs only walking? (Apidae, Trigonini). Acta microscópica 4: 162, suppl. A.

PAXTON, J.R. (1998). Sisterly love or sisterly strife? Genetical structural of social bees societies and its selection to conflicts. In: Ann. Enc. Sobre Abelhas 6, RibeirãoPreto, SP.

PEDRO, S.R.M. de; CAMARGO,JMF de (1991): Interations on floral resources between the africanized honeybees Apis mellifera and the native bees community (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) in a natural cerrado ecosystem in southest Brazil. Apidologie 22(4), 397-415.

PETERS J.M., QUELLER D.C., IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA VL, STRASSMANN JE. Microsatellite loci from the stingless bee, Melipona bicolor. Molecular Ecology 7: 783-92. 1998.

Peters J.M.; Queller D.C.; Imperatriz-Fonseca VL; Roubik DW & Strassmann JE. 1999 – Mate number, kin selection, and social conflicts in stingless bees and honey bees. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 266: 379-384.

Posey, D.A. & Camargo, J.M.F. (1985) Additional notes on the classification and knowledge of stingless bee (Meliponinae, Apidae, Hymenoptera) by the Kayapó Indians of Gorotire, Pará , Brazil. Annals of the Carnegie Museum, 54, 247±274.

Posey, D.A. (1983) Folk apiculture of the Kayapó Indians of Brazil. Biotropica, 15, 154±158.

Powell, A.H. & Powell, G.V.N. (1987) Population dynamics of male euglossine bees in Amazonian forest fragments. Biotropica, 19, 176±179.

PRICE, P.W. (1984). Insect Ecology. by John Wiley & Sons, New York, United States of America. 607p.

Quezada-Euán J.J.G., Echazarreta C.M., Paxton R.J., The distribution and range expansion of Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera) in the state of Yucatan, Mexico, J. Apic. Res. 35 (1996) 85-95.

Quezada-Euán J.J.G., Hinsull S.M., Evidence of continued European morphometrics and mtDNA in feral colonies of honey bees (Apis mellifera) from the Yucatan Península, Mexico, J. Apic. Res. 34 (1995) 161-166.

Quezada-Euán J.J.G., May-Itzá W. de J., Características morfométricas, poblacionales y parasitosis de colonias silvestres de Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) en Yucatán, México, Folia Entomol. Mex. 97 (1996) 1-19.

Quezada-Euán J.J.G., Medina L.M., Hybridization between European and Africanized honeybees in tropical Yucatan, Mexico. I. Morphometric changes in feral and managed colonies, Apidologie 29 (1998) 555-568.

Quezada-Euán J.J.G., Paxton R.J., Rapid inter-generational changes in morphology and defensive behaviour in colonies of Africanized and European honeybees (Apis mellifera) from tropical Yucatan, Mexico, J. Apic. Res. 38 (1998) 93-104.

RAMALHO M, IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA VL, KLEINERT-GIOVANNINI A, CORTOPASSI-LAURINO M. Exploitation of floral resources by Plebeia remota Holmberg. Apidologie, Paris, 1985. 16: 305-330.

RAMALHO M, IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA VL, GIANNINI TC. Within colony size variation of foragers and pollen load capacity in the stingless bee Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides. Apidologie 29: 221-8. 1998.

Ramalho, M., Giannini, T. C., Malagodi-Braga, K. S. (1994) Pollen harvest by singless bee foragers (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . Grana 33: 293-244.

Ramalho, M.; Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L. & Giannini,T.C. Within. 1998 – colony size variation of foragers and pollen load capacity in the stingless bee Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides. Apidologie v.29, p.221-8.

Ratnieks F.L.W., Africanized bees: natural selection for colonizing ability, in: Spivak M., Fletcher D.J.C., Breed M.D. (Eds.), The `African’ Honey Bee, Westview Press. Boulder, CO, USA, 1991, pp. 119-136.

Raw, A. 1985. Two new species of Mischocyttarus (Vespidae, Hymenoptera) from Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 29: 107-112.

Raw, A. 1989. The dispersal of euglossine bees between isolated patches of eastern Brazilian wet forest (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 33, 103-107.

Raw, A. 1992. The forest: savanna margin and habitat selection by Brazilian social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). In The Nature and Dynamics of the Forest-Savanna Boundary [Eds. P.A. Furley, J.A. Ratter and J. Proctor] Chapman and Hall, 499-511.

RIBEIRO, M. F.; CORTOPASSI-LAURINO, M. & ROSSO, J. M. 2001 – Observaciones preliminares acerca de especies de abejas sin aguijon (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini) en el Cerrado. In: Memorias II Seminario Mexicano Sobre Abejas Sin Aguijón – … una visión sobre su biología y cultivo. Mérida, Yucatan, México. p.315. Resumo.

RIBEIRO, M.F. & IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. 2000 – Queen size polymorphism and its role in stingless bees: a populations study. In: VIII INTERNATIONAL BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY CONGRESS, Zurich. Anais. p.164. Resumo.

RIBEIRO, M.F. & IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, V.L. 2000 – Seasonal partial in the stingless bee Plebeia remota (Hymenoptera, Apidae). In: XXI INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Foz do Iguassu. Anais. p.849. Resumo.

RIBEIRO, M.F. 2000 – Queen and workers role in cell construction interruption in Plebeia remota (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponinae) . In: IV ENCONTRO SOBRE ABELHAS, Ribeirão Preto. Anais. p.283. Resumo.

Ribeiro, MF. 2002 – Does the queen of Plebeia remota (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini) stimulate her workers to start brood cell construction after winter? Ins. Soc. v. 48, p.1-3.

Richardson, A.J. & Everitt, J.H. (1992) Using spectral vegetation indices to estimate rangeland productivity. Geocarto International, 7, 63±69.

Riddick, EW. Nest distribution of the solitary bee Andrena macra Mitchell (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae), with observation on nest structure. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 94(4): 568-575. 1992.

Rinderer T.E., Buco S.M., Rubink W.L., Daly H.V., Stelszer J.A., Riggio R.M., Baptista F.C., Morphometric identification of Africanized and European honey bees using large reference populations, Apidologie 24 (1993) 569-585.

Rinderer T.E., Hellmich R.L., The process of Africanization, in: Spivak M., Fletcher D.J.C., Breed M.D. (Eds.), Westview Press. Boulder, CO, USA, 1991, pp. 95-118.

Rinderer T.E., Oldroyd B.P., Sheppard W.S., Africanized bees in the US, Sci. Am. 269 (1993) 52-58.

Rinderer T.E., Stelszer J.A., Oldroyd B.P., Buco S.M., Rubink W.L., Hybridization between European and Africanized honey bees in the neotropical Yucatan Península, Science 253 (1991) 309-311.

Rocha, M.P., Pompolo, S.G. 1998. Karyotypes and heterochromatin variation (C-bands) in Melipona species (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . Genet. Mol. Biol., 21 (1): 41-45.

RODRIGUES, A.C.L.; MARCHINI, L.C. & CARVALHO, C.A.L. Analysis of honey from Apis mellifera L. 1758 and Tetragonisca angustula (Latreille, 1811) collected in Piracicaba, SP, Brasil. 35th International Congress of Apicultural, Apimondia, Antwerp, 374. 1997. ARTIGO RESUMO DE CONG. INTERN. TECNOLOGIA/ MEL APIDAE/ MELIPONINAE/ TETRAGONISCA. pasta, 193

ROSSO, J.M.; IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA, VL. & CORTOPASSI-LAURINO, M. – 2001 – Meliponicultura em Brasil I: situacion em 2001 y perspectivas. In: Memorias II Seminário Mexicano sobre abejas sin aguijón – … una visión sobre su biología y cultivo. Mérida, Yucatan, México. p.28-35. Resumo.

Roubik, David W. & Moreno, J.E. Pollen specializationand generalization by stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponini) pages- 112-118.
ROUBIK, D. W. 1989. Ecology and Natural History of Tropical Bees. Cambridge Tropical Biology Series. Cambridge Unversity Press, New York, 514p.

ROUBIK, David W. & ALUJA, M. (1983). Flyght ranges of Melipona and Trigona in tropical forest. J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 56(2):217-222.
ROUBIK, David W. (1983). Nest and colony characteristics of stingless bees from Panamá (Hymenoptera: Apidae). J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 56:327.

Roubik, David W. (1989). Ecology and natural history of tropical bees. Cambridge, University Press, New York, 514p.

ROUBIK, David W (1978): Competitive interactions betwen neotropical pollinators and africanized honeybee. Science 201, 1030-1032.
ROUBIK, David W. (1980): Foraging behaviour of competing africanized honeybees. Ecology 61(4), 836-845.

ROUBIK, David W. 1992. Stingless Bees. A Guide to Panamanian and Mesoamerican Species and their Nests (Hymenoptera: Apidae:Meliponin ae). Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica – Selected Studies, Diomedes Quintero A.;Annette Aiello: 495-524.

Rudel, T.K. (1993) Tropical deforestation: small farmers and land clearing in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Columbia University Press, New York.

Saiki R.K., Gelfand D.H., Stoffel S., Scharff S.J., Higuchi R., Horn G.T., Mullis K.B., Erlich H.A., Primer-directed enzymatic amplification of DNA with a thermostable DNA polymerase, Science 239 (1988) 487-491.

Sakagami, F.S. & Laroca, S. 1971. Relative abundance, phenology and flower visits of apid bees in eastern Paraná, souther Brazil (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Kontyu 39 (3): 217-230.

Sakagami, S. F. (1982) Stingless bees. In: Hermann, H. R. (ed.), Social Insect III: pp. 362-423.

Sakagami, S. F. (1996) Tecniques for the observationa of behavior and organization of stingless bees by using a special hive. Pap. Avul. Depto. Zool. 19: 154-162.

SAKAgami, s. f., beig, d., zucchi, r., akahira, y. 1965. Occurence of ovary-developed workers in queenright colonies of stingless bees. Rev. Bras. Biol., 23 (2): 115-129.

Sakagami, S. F., Zucchi, R. (1974) ovosition behavior of two dwart stingless bees, Hypotrigona (Leurotrigona) muelleri and H. (Trigonisca) duckei, with notes on the temporal articulation of oviposition process in stingless bees. J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido University, (VI – Zool.) 19: 361-421.

Salmah, S., Inoue, T. & Sakagami, S.F. (1990) An analysis of apid bee richness (Apidae) in central Sumatra. Natural history of wasps and bees in equatorial Sumatra (eds S.F. Sakagami, R. Ohgushi and D. W. Roubik), pp. 139±174. Hokkaido University Press, Sapporo.
Salt, G., 1929. A Contribuition to the ethology of the Meliponinae. Trans. Ent. Soc., London, 77(2): 431 – 482.

SANBORN, M.R.; WAN, S.K. & BULARD, R. (1982). Microwave sterilization of plastic tissue culture vessels for reuse. Appl. Microbiol. 44:960-964.

SANCHEZ, A. (1996). Relacione filogenética en los closters buzzatii y mantensio (grupo replets) de Drosophila. Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (Tese Doutorado). (IV)

Schelhas, J. & Greenberg, R. (eds) (1996) Forest patches in tropical landscapes. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Schwarz, H.F. (1948) Stingless bees (Meliponidae) of the western hemisphere. Bulletin of the America Museum of Natural History, 90, 1±546.

Sheppard W.S., Soares A.E.E., DeJong D., Shimanuki H., Hybrid status of honey bee populations near the historic origin of Africanization in Brazil, Apidologie 22 (1991) 643-652.

Silberbauer- Gottsberger, I., Gottsberger. G. 1988. A polinização das plantas do cerrado. Rev. Bras. Biol., 48 (4): 651-291.

Silva-Matos, E. V., Zucchi, R., Yamane, S. (1997) Oviposition behavior of the stingless bees, XXII. Oxitrigona tataíra and its successive oviposition process in the presence of generalized agitation (Insecta: Hymenoptera; apidae). Nat. Hist. Bull. Ibaraki Univ. 1: 121-134.

Silva-Matos, E. V., Noll, F. B., Zucchi, R. (subm.) Non-oviposition ovary-developed nurse-workers in Trigona cilipes, and a comparative approach on sócio-regulation systems present in the highly eusocial bees (Hymenoptera; apidae, Meliponinae) . Sociobiology.
Silvestri, F., 1910. Della Trigona cupira Smith e di due ospiti del suo nido nel Mexico. Boll. Lab. Zool. Portici, 5:65-71.

SIMÕES, D., BEGO, L. R. 1991. Division of labor, average life span and life table in Nannotrigona (Scaptotrigona) postica Latreille (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . Naturalia, 16:81-97. São Paulo.

Singh, S. (1962). Beekeeping in India Indian Council of Agricultural Research New Delhi. 1st edi. 214 pp.

Smith D.R., African bees in the Americas: insights from biogeography and genetics, Trends Ecol. Evol. 6 (1991) 17-21.

Smith D.R., Taylor O.R., Brown W.M., Neotropical Africanized honey bees have African mitochondrial DNA, Nature 339 (1989) 213-215.

SHEVELEV, I. F. 2003. “El Maravilloso ‘Tapezuá’ (Peluquerito – Llana – Tubuña) Scaptotrigona bipunctata Abeja Sin Aguijón. Ciencia Y Tecnica de Su Cultura ,Cria – Cuidados – Multiplicacion Trasiego, Producción de Miel, Extraccion de Polen, Polinización, Cultura De Yate´Í,Tetragonisca Angustula.” Imprensa Ko´eyu, Assunción, Paraguay.

SHEVELEV, I. F. Las meliponidas: Maravillosas abejas sin aguijón.

SOMMEIJER, M. J., BEUVENS, F.T., VERBEEK, H.J. 1982. Distribution of labor among workers of Melipona favosa F.: Construction and provisioning of brood cells. Insects Sociaux, 29:222-237.

Strinckler,K. Specialization and foraging efficiency of solitary bees. Ecology 60(5): 998-1009. 1979.

Taylor O.R., African bees: potential impact in the United States, Bull. Entomol. Soc. Am. 31 (1985) 15-24.

TÓTH E, IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA VL, QUELLER DC, STRASSMANN JE. Production of drones in the stingless bee species Schwarziana quadripunctata. Abstracts. Int. Cong. IUSSI, 1998, p.477.

Velthuis BJ & Velthuis HHW. 1998 – Columbus surpassed: biophysical aspects of how stingless bees place an egg upright on their liquid food. Naturwis. v.85, p.330-3.

Velthuis HHW; Roeling A & Imperatriz-Fonseca VL. 2001 – Repartition of reproduction among queens in the polygynous stingless bee Melipona bicolor. Proc. Exper. Appl. Entomol. NEV Amsterdam. , v.12, p.45-9.

VENTURIERI, G. C. Reproductive ecology of Schizolobium amazonicum Huber ex Ducke and Sclerolobium paniculatum Vogel (LEG:CAESALPINIACEA E) and its importance in forestry management projects. Proc. International Symp. on Pollination. Acta Horticulturae. v.437. ISHS. 1997.

VIANA BF, KLEINERT AMP, IMPERATRIZ-FONSECA VL – Abundance and flower visits of bees in a cerrado of Bahia, tropical Brazil. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna & Envirnm. v.32, p.212-9. 1997

Vit P & Dalbore Gr. 1994, Melissopalynology for stingless bees (Apidae, Meliponinae) from Venezuela. Journal of Apicultural Research 33 (3): 145-154.

Vit P, Bogdanov S & Kilchenmann V. 1994. Composition of Venezuelan honeys from stingless bees (Apidae, Meliponinae) and Apis mellifera. Apidologie 25 (3): 278-288.

WALLER, G.D. (1972). Evaluating responses of honey bees to sugar solutions using an artificial-flower feeder. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 65:857-862.

Warner A. Dollini L. Swarming In Australian Natives Bees – Help Solve The Mystery! Australasian Beekeeper 84(1982), 34-37.

WHITING, P.W. (1940). Multiple alleles in complementary sex determination of Habrobracon. Genetics 28:365-382.

WHITING, P.W. (1943). Sex-linkage in Pteromalus. Am. Natur. 64:377-379.

Wille, A. (1979) Phylogeny and relationships among the genera and subgenera of the stingless bees (Meliponinae) of the world. Ver. Trop. 27: 241-277.

WILLE, A. (1983). Biology of the stingless bees. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 28:41.

Wilms, W. – The highly eusocial bees of Boracéia: community structure, resource partitioning and their role as pollinators. In: Anais do 2o Encontro sobre Abelhas, Ribeirão Preto, 1996, p.196-204.

Wilms, W. & Wiechers, B. – Floral resources partitioning between native Melipona bees and the introduced Africanized honey bee in the Brazilian Atlantic rain forest. Apidologie, 1997, v.28, p.339-55.

Wilms, W.; Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L. & Engels, W. – Resource partitioning between highly eusocial bees and possible impact of the introduced honeybee on native stingless bees in the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna & Envirom., 1996. v.31, p.137-151.

Wittmann, D., Radtke, R., Zeil, J. Francke, W., Lübke, G. (1990) Robber bees (lestrimellita limão) and their host: chenical and visual cues in nest defense by trigona (tetragonisca) angustula (Apidae: Meliponinae) . J. Chem. Ecol. 16:631-641.

Wolfgang Wilms – Die Bienenfauna im Kustenregenwald Brasilens und ihre Beziehungen zu Blütenpflanzen: Fallstudie Boracéia, São Paulo. Orientadora: Dra Vera Lucia Imperatriz-Fonseca. Co-orientador: Dr. Wolf Engels. 1995.

WOYKE, J. (1963). What happens to diploid drone larvae in a honeybee colony. J. Apic. Res. 2:73-76.

WOYKE, J. (1976). Population genetic studies on sex alelles in the honeybee using the exemple of Kangaroo Island Bee Santuary. J.Apic. Res. 15:105-123.

Yokoyama, S. & Nei, M. 1979. Population dynamics of sex-determining alleles in honey bees and self-incompatibilit y alleles in plants. Genetics 91:609-626.

YONG, H.S. (1986). Allozime variation in the stingless bee Trigona fuscobalteata (Hymenoptera, Apidae) from peninsular Malaysia. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 83B(3):627-628.

Zanella, F.C.V., Schwartz Filho, D.L. & Laroca, S. (1998) Tropical bee island biogeography: diversity and abundance patterns. Biogeography (Paris), 74, 103±115.

Zucchi, R. (1983) Ritualized dominance, evolution of queen-worker interactions and related aspect in stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae). In inouse, T. & Yamane, S. (eds.), Evolutions of insect societies, pp. 209-249. Hakuinsha, Tokyo. 532p.

Zucchi, R., Silva-Matos, E. V. Nogueira-Ferreira, F. H., Azevedo, G. G. (1999). On the cell provisioning and oviposition process (POP) of the stingless bees, nomenclature reappraisal and evolutionary considerations (Hynenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . Sociobiology 34: 65-86.

Zucchi, R., Silva-Matos, E. V., Yamane, S., Mateus, S. (1997) Oviposition behavior of the stingless bees, XXI. Paratrigona lineata and Paratrigona subnuda, with reference to their highly integrated ovoposition processes (Insecta: Hymenoptera; apidae). Nat. Hist. Bull. Ibaraki Univ. 1: 107-120.

ZUcchi, R., Silva-Matos, E.V., Nogueira-Ferreira, F.H. and Azevedo, G.G. 1999. On the cell provisioning and ovoposition process (POP) of the stingless bees, nomenclature reappraisal and evolutionary considerations (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . Sociobiology, 34 (1): 65-86.

BARTH, F.G. Insects and flowers: the biology of a partnersthip. Princeton: University Press, 1991. 408p.
CAMILLO, E.; GARÓFALO, C.A. Analysis of the niche of two sympatric species of Bombus (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in southeastern Brazil. Journal of Tropical Ecology, v.5, p.81-92, 1989.

FAEGRI, K.; VAN DER PIJL, L. The principles of pollination ecology. 2.ed. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1976. 291p.

FREE, J.B. Insect pollination of crops. 2.ed. London: Academic Press, 1993. 684p.

HEITHAUS, E.R. Flower visitation records and resource overlap of bees and wasps in northwest Costa Rica. Brenesia, v.16, p.9-52, 1979.
MAGURRAN, A.E. Ecological diversity and its measurement. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988.179p.

RANTA, E.; LUNDBERG, H. Food niche analyses of bumble-bees: a comparison of three data collecting methods. Oikos, v.36, p.12-16, 1981.

RENNER, S. the widespread occurrence of anther destruction by Trigona bees in Melastomataceae. Biotropica, v.15, n.4, p.251-256, 1983.

ROUBIK, D.W. Comparative foraging behavior of Apis mellifera and Trigona corvina (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Baltimora recta (Compositae) . Revista de Biologia Tropical, v.29, n.2, p.177-183, 1981.

WILLE, A. Biology of stingless bees. Annual Review of Entomology, v.28, p.41-64, 1983.

Carvalho, G. A. – 2001 – The number of sex alleles (CSD) in a bee population and its practical importance (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Journ. Hymen. Res. 10(1):10-15.

Constanza, R.; D’arge, R.; De Groot, R.; Farber, S.; Grasso, M.; Hannon, B.;

Limburg, K.; Naeem, S.; O’Neil, R. V. O.; Paruelo, J.; Rasking, R. G.; Sutton, P.; Van Den Belt, M. – 1997 – The value of the world’s ecossystem services and natural capital. Nature (15 May)387:253- 260.

Kerr, W. E. – 1997b – Native bees: a neglected issue in the conservation of genetic resources. Ethics and equity in plant genetic resources. Pub. CGIAR by IPCRI, FAO, Foz do Iguaçu.

Kerr, W. E. ; Carvalho, G. A. e Nascimento, V. A. – 1999 – The probable consequences of the destruction of Brazilian stingless bees. Section 6. Pages 393-403. In: Várzea: diversity, development and conservation of Amazonia’s whitewater flood plains. Edited by Christine Padoch; José Márcio Ayres; Miguel Pinedo-Vasquez; Andrew Henderson.

Pedro, S. R. M. e Camargo, J. M. F. – 1991 – Interactions on floral resources between the Africanized honey bee Apis mellifera L. and the wild bee community (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in a natural “cerrado” ecosystem in Southeast Brazil. Apidologie 22(4):397-415.

Roubik, D. – 1993 – Direct costs of forest reproduction, bee-cycling and the efficiency of pollination modes. Journ. Biosci. 18(4):537-552.

Stork, N. E. – 1997 – Measuring global biodiversity and its decline. In: Biodiversity II, p.41-68. Edited by M. L. Reaka-Kudla, D. E.; Wilson, E. O. Joseph Henry Press, Washington, DC.

Wilms, W.; Impertariz-Fonseca, V. L.; Engels, W. – 1996 – Resource partitioning between highly, eusocial bees and possible impact of introduced africanized honey bee on native stingless bee in the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna &Environm.

Wittmann, D.; Radtke, R.; Francke, W. e Schoroder, W. – 1987 – Inter-und intraspezifische chemische Kommunikation bei der Nestverteidigung von Tetragonisca angustula wãhrend Raubzügen der kleptobioteischen Biene Lestrimelitta limao (Apidae, Meliponini). Kurzfassung, IUSSI, Tagung Bayreuth.p.26.

Wittmann, D.; Radtke, R.; Zeil, J.; Francke, W. e Lüibke, G. – 1990 – Robber bees (Lestrimelitta limao) and their host: chemical and visual cues in nest defense by Trigona (Tetragonisca) angustula (Apidae, Meliponinae) . Journ. Chem. Ecol. 16:631-641.

Woyke, J. – 1980 – Effect of Sex allele homo-heterozigosity on honey bee population and their honey production. 1. Favourable development conditions and unrestricted queens. Journ. Apic. Res. 19(1):51-63.

Yokoyama, S. e Nei, M. – 1979 – Population dynamics of sex determining alleles in honey bees and self-incompability alleles in plants. Genetics 91:609-626.

VIT P (2005) Melipona standards. Annual Meeting of the International Honey Commission; Dublin, Ireland; August.

VIT P, MEDINA M, ENRIQUEZ E (2004) Quality standards for medicinal uses of Meliponinae honey in Guatemala, Mexico and Venezuela. Bee World 85(1):2-4.

Page Jr., R. E.; Laidlaw, H. H.; Erickson, E. H. 1983. Closed population honey bee breeding. 3. Distribution of sex alleles with gyne supersedure. Journal of Apicultural Research 22:184-190.

Kerr, W. E.; Zucchi, R.; Nakadaira, J. T.; Butolo, J. E. 1962. Reproduction in the social bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Journal of New York Entomological Society 70: 265-276.

Carvalho, G. A. 2001. The number of sex alleles (CSD) in a bee population and its practical importance (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 10(1):10-15.

Bego, L. R. 1983. On some aspects of bionomics in Melipona bicolor bicolor Lepeletier (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae) . Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 27(3/4): 211-224.

Absy ML, Braga-Bezerra E, Kerr WE (1980) Plantas nectaríferas utilizadas por duas espécies de Melipona da Amazonia Acta Amazonica vol 10(2), pp271-281

Absy ML, Camargo JMF, Kerr WE & Andrade de-Miranda IP (1984) Espécies de plantas visitadas por Meliponinae (Hymenoptera: Apoidae) para colecta de pólen na região do méio Amazonas Rev. Brasil. Biol. Vol 44 (2), pp 227-237

ENB (2000) Estrategia Nacional de Diversidad Biológica. Proyecto MARN/PNUD/GEF, Editorial Pensamiento Propio, San Salvador, pp196

Aguilar-Monge I (2001) ¿Cómo manejar abejas nativas sin aguijón (Apidae: Meliponinae) en sistemas agroforestales? Agroforesterí a vol 8 (31) pp50-55

Arce HG, Sánchez LA, Slaa J, Sánchez-Vindas PE, Ortiz AM, Veen JWvan, Sommeijer MJ (2001) Árboles melíferos nativos de Mesoamérica, PRAM-CINAT-UNA- UU pp207

Biesmeijer JC (1992) Beekeeping and Biodiversity; social bees as pollinators in the tropics In: Bees and Trees in the Tropics Den Haag Nectar/Stichting BOS/CIP-DATA pp 141

Biesmeijer JC (1997) Abejas sin aguijón: su biología y la organización de la colmena Utrecht, Elinkwijk BV pp75

Bootsma MC (1989) Vergelijkend onderzoek naar stuifmeelbronnen van Melipona trinitatis en Apis melifera in Trinidad, West-Indies, student thesis UU

Brantjes NBM (1981) Nectar and the pollination of bread fruit, Artocarpus altilis (Moraceae), Acta botanica Neerlandica vol 30(5/6), pp 345-352

CATIE (2000) Manejo de semillas de 100 especies forestales en América Latina, Turrialba, Costa Rica, pp204

CATIE (1994) Guía silvicultural de Cordia alliodora. Turrialba, Costa Rica, pp41

CATIE (1991) Guía silvicultural de Gliricidia sepium. Turrialba, Costa Rica, pp79

Chandrasekharan C, Frisk T & Campos-Roasio J (1996) Desarrollo de productos forestales no madereros en América Latina y el Caribe, FAO, Santiago de Chile, http://www.fao. org/docrep/ t2360s/t2360s0h. htm

Chemas & Rico-Gray (1991) Apiculture and management of associated vegetation by the maya of Tixcacaltuyub, Yucatán, Mexico. Agroforestry Systems vol 13, pp 13-25

Choussy F (1975) Flora Salvadoreña Tomo I Volumen 2 Editorial Universitaria, San Salvador, pp 100

Choussy F (1976) Flora Salvadoreña Tomo II Volumen 2 Editorial Universitaria, San Salvador, pp 100

Cortopassi-Laurino M, Ramalho M (1988) Pollen harvest by Africanized Apis mellifera and Trigona spinipes in São Paulo botanical and ecological views. Apidologie 19 (1), pp 1-24

Crane E, Walker P & Day R (1984) Directory of important world honey resources. London, Ibra pp384

Engel MS, Dingemans-Bakels F (1980) Nectar and pollen resources for stingless bees (Meliponinae, Hymenoptera) in Surinam (South-America) . Apidologie vol 11(4), pp341-350

Escalante M & Somarriba E (2001) Diseño y manejo de los cafetales del Occidente de El Salvador Agroforesterí a vol 8 (30) pp12-16

Espina Perez D & Ordetx Ros GS (1983) Flora Apícola Tropical Costa Rica, Editorial Tecnológica de Costa Rica, pp 406

Floridata (2003) Antigonon leptopus. Internet Revisado 11/03 http://www.streetside. com/plants/ floridata/ ref/a/antigone. htm

Frankie GW (1975) Tropical forest phenology and pollinator plant coevolution. In LE Gilbert & PH Raven (eds.) Coevolution of animals and plants. Univ. of Texas Press, Austria and London, pp192-209

Frankie GW, Vinson SB, Rizzardi MA, Griswold TL, O´Keefe S y Snelling RR (1997) Diversity and abundance of bees visiting a mass flowering tree species in disturbed seasonal dry forest, Costa Rica. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society Vol. 70 (4) pp281-294

García E, Jaime M, Mejía B, Guillén L & Harvey CA (2001) Árboles dispersos dentro de cultivos anuales en el municipio de Ilobasco, El Salvador Agroforesteria vol 8 (31) pp39-44

Geilfus F (1994) El árbol al servicio del agricultor, manual de agroforesteria para el desarrollo rural. Volumen 2 Guía de Especies. Turrialba, Costa Rica,

Girón-VanderHuck M (1996) Recolección de polen y néctar por Apis mellifera en algunas especies de plantas silvestres y cultivadas del municipio de Salgar (Antioquía). In: Melitopalinologia. Litografía Luz, Calarcá Colombia, pp 83

Guimmattei-Avilé s JA (1998) Arboles nativos de maderas preciosas en vías de extinción en El Salvador, Fomento Cultural, San Salvador, pp 44

Heard TA (1999) The role of stingless bees in crop pollination Annu rev Entomol vol 44 pp183-206

Heithaus ER (1979) Flower visitation records and resource overlap of bees and wasps in Northwest Costa Rica. Brenesia vol16, pp9-52

Ish-Am G, Barrientos-Priego AF, Castañeda-Vildó zola A, Gazit S (1999) Avocado (Persea americana Mill.) pollinators in its region of origin. Revista Chapingo Serie Horticultura 5 No especial, pp137-143

Jiménez Madrigal Q (1999) Árboles maderables en peligro de extinción en Costa Rica. Heredia, Costa Rica, Inbio pp187

Landaverde V, Sánchez L, Ruano C (2003) Dominancia temporal de polen de plantas nectapoliníferas colectado por Melipona beecheii en El Salvador y de plantas poliníferas por Tetragonisca angustula y M. beecheii en Costa Rica. En: III Seminario Mesoamericano sobre Abejas sin Aguijón, Tapachula México, pp87-90

Landaverde V (2003) Informe de capacitación en palinología. Informe Interno PROMABOS, El Salvador, pp 46

Laurence GA (1976) Common bee weeds of Trinidad and Tobago, Journal of the Agricultural Society of Trinidad and Tobago vol 76(1) pp147-162

Laurence GA (1973) Some bee plants of Trinidad, Journal of the Agricultural Society of Trinidad and Tobago vol 73, pp100-101

León J, Poveda LJ (1999) Nombres comunes de las plantas en Costa Rica. Costa Rica, Editorial Fundación UNA, pp 870

Lobreau-Callen D, Darchen R, Le Thomas A (1986) Apport de la palynologie a la connaissance des relations abeilles/plantes en savanes arborées du Togo et du Bénin, Apidologie vol17(4), pp279-306

Magalhães-Freitas B (1991) Potencial da caatinga para produção de polen e néctar para a exploração apicola. Brazil, Ceara, dissertation pp 1-114

Marroquín-Juárez AE (1994) Traslape de recursos florales entre abejas sin aguijón (Meliponinae) y Apis mellifera (L.). Informe Interno PRAM , Costa Rica

Méndez ME (2004) Comportamiento del macho Pseudohypocera kerteszi (Diptera: Phoridae), cleptoparásito de las abejas sin aguijón (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Tésis UES-PROMABOS, pp75

Navarrete-Tindall NE, Aragón H (1997) Report of nodulation of Inga paterno in El Salvador. Forest, Farm and Community Tree Research Reports Vol. 2, pp56-58

Niembro Rocas A (1990) Árboles y arbustos útiles de México. México DF, Editorial Limusa, pp206

Nieuwstadt Mvan (1994) CARABIS Central American Apibotanical Information System Costa Rica PRAM

Pennington TD, Sarukhán J (1998) Árboles tropicales de México. UNAM, México DF, pp521

Ramalho A, Kleinert-Giovannini A, Imperatriz-Fonseca VL (1990) Important bee plants for stingless bees (Melipona and Trigonini) and Africanized honeybees (Apis mellifera) in neotropical habitats: a review, Apidologie vol 21 pp 469-488

Ramalho M, Kleinert-Giovannini A, Imperatriz-Fonseca (1989) Utilization of floral resources by species of Melipona (Apidae, Meliponinae) : floral preferences Apidologie vol 20 pp 185-195

Robroek BJM, Jong Hde, Sommeijer MJ (2003) The behaviour of the kleptoparasite, of Pseudohypocera kerteszi (Diptera, Phoridae) in hives of stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in Central America. Proceedings of the Section Experimental and Applied Entomology, N.E.V., Amsterdam, Volume 12:65-70

Robroek BJM, Jong Hde, Arce HG, Sommeijer MJ (2003) The development of Pseudohypocera kerteszi (Diptera, Phoridae ), a kleptoparasite in nests of stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in Central America. Proceedings of the Section Experimental and Applied Entomology, N.E.V., Amsterdam, Volume 12:.71-74

Rooy Bde (1981) Aspecten van het fourageergedrag van angelloze bijen op Trinidad met nadruk op de harkomst van het verzamelde stuifmeel, student thesis UU

Roubik DW y Aluja M (1983) Flight ranges of Melipona and Trigona in Tropical Forest Journal of the Kansas entomological society vol 56(2), pp217-222

Roubik DW, Moreno EJ, Vergara C, Wittman D (1986) Sporadic food competition with the African honeybee: projected impact on neotropical social bees, Journal of Tropical Ecology vol 2 pp 97-111

Sánchez-Chaves LA (1999) Floral preferences of the native bee Tetragonisca angustula (Apidae: meliponinae) and the Africanized honeybee Apis mellifera (Apidae: apinae) spectrum, diversity and overlap of the pollen diet. Costa Rica – The Netherlands, student thesis Universidad nacional-CINAT and UU, pp 44

Sani L & Gregori E (1997) EVATRIF: Un modello previsionale per la gestione dei rimboschimenti del Trifinio (Honduras, Guatemala, Salvador) Monti e Boschi vol 48 (1) pp38-44

Sommeijer MJ, Rooy GA de, Punt W, Bruijn LLM de (1983) A comparative study of foraging behavior and pollen resources of various stingless bees (Hym., Meliponinae) and honeybees (Hym., apinae) inTrinidad, West-Indies, Apidolgie vol 14(3) pp 205-224

Standley PC (1937) Flora of Costa Rica Part I, Chicago USA, Field Museum of Natural History, pp 7-80

Stephen-Lobo EP (1999) Factores que condicionan la importancia de las plantas apícolas

Svensson B (1991) Bees and trees, Working paper 183, Uppsala, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences pp80

UES (1993) Abejas nativas de El Salvador. Protección vegetal vol?, pp11-12

Veen van, Arce, Ortiz (1994) Apicultura: estrategias para el manejo adecuado de las colmenas.

Villanueva-G R (1994) Nectar sources of European and Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) in the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. Journal of Apicultural research 33 (1), pp 44-58

Villegas-Durá n G, Cajero-Avelar S, Bolaños-Medina A, Miranda-Sánchez JA, Pérez-Lara MA et al (1998) Flora nectarífera y polinífera de la Península de Yucatán, Mexico DF, SAGARPA, pp 126

Villegas-Durá n G, Bolaños-Medina A, Miranda-Sánchez JA & González Quintero U (2002a) Flora nectarífera y polinífera en el estado de Guerrero, Mexico DF, SAGARPA, pp 126

Villegas- Durán G, Bolaños-Medina A, Miranda-Sánchez JA & Zenón-Abarca AJ (2002b) Flora nectarífera y polinífera en el estado de Chiapas, Mexico DF, SAGARPA, pp 164

Weaver (1989) Andira inermis (W. Wright) Internet Revisado 11/03 www.fs.fed.us/ global/iitf/ Andirainermis. pdf

Wilms W, Imperatriz-Fonseca VL y Engels W (1996) Resource partitioning between highly eusocial bees and possible impact of the introduced Africanized honey bee on native stingless bees in the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. Stud Neotrop Fauna & Environm vol 31, pp 137-151

Woyke HJ (1983) La apicultura en El Salvador. El salvador, San Salvador FAO-MAG pp16

Anúncios

Sobre Junior

Cristão, amante da Natureza, de bem com a vida, feliz por trabalhar com prazer
Esse post foi publicado em Meliponíneos e marcado , , , , . Guardar link permanente.

Deixe um comentário

Preencha os seus dados abaixo ou clique em um ícone para log in:

Logotipo do WordPress.com

Você está comentando utilizando sua conta WordPress.com. Sair / Alterar )

Imagem do Twitter

Você está comentando utilizando sua conta Twitter. Sair / Alterar )

Foto do Facebook

Você está comentando utilizando sua conta Facebook. Sair / Alterar )

Foto do Google+

Você está comentando utilizando sua conta Google+. Sair / Alterar )

Conectando a %s